Monday, January 20, 2014
In The Communist Manifesto, Marx identifies numerous historical events, such as the French Revolution, where the oppressed people of a country fought back against those with greater authority to earn more freedoms for themselves. In France, the working-class people started a revolution that would see the end to the monarchy. In England, the working-class people took a stand against their poor working conditions and saw a limitation to the amount of hours they could work in day. Marx highlights the fact that these people were the victims of the bourgeois, who composed the minority of each country's population. Marx stresses these working-class people, called proletariats, did all the back-breaking work, yet the bourgeois, received all the benefits of their labor. Marx states: “In proportion therefore, as the repulsiveness of the work increases, the wage [of the proletariats'] decreases.” Marx clearly identifies the proletariats as being mistreated by the bourgeois, and as individuals, not being capable to right the wrong in society.
When describing the goals of the Communist movement, Marx layouts what he believes to be the ultimate goal for proletariats, the victimized heroes: “The immediate aim of the Communist is the same as that of all the other proletarian parties: formation of the proletariat into a class, overthrow of the bourgeois supremacy, conquest of political power by the proletariat.” For good to overcome evil, very specific things must be accomplished. Marx simplifies the actions to make these very daunting tasks seem simple. The final result, however, is for the goodness contained within the victimized proletariats to rise to power and vanquish evil from society.